Economics essay

The Pound fell 15%, interest rates were cut, and the economy was able to recover.Or perhaps there is something else unrealistic about the theory.They believed (or hoped) that the long run trend rate of economic growth had increased from 2.5% to 4%. As Nigel Lawson said in his budget speech 1988.Quantitative easing is causing inflation in the UK, and when the.According to the European Commission, more than 15 million EU citizens.If inflation is high, it is invariably necessary to slowdown the economy to reduce inflation.By the end of the 1960s, car ownership rates had risen from approx. 40% to 60% ( RAC - car ownership rates) The first motorway was built in 1958, and throughout the 1960s there was a major road building programme - just as the railway network was severely cut back.Trying to keep currency at a level which is too high, may require high real interest rates - which can cause economic downturn.

A devaluation of the currency can be beneficial for the economy - under certain circumstances.Originally formed in 1958 by six countries (then the EEC), the EU has expanded in terms of size.

Although unemployment rose to 3 million in the early 1990s, inflation was reduced and since then the economy has experienced a long period of uninterrupted growth without inflation and unemployment has fallen.

Economic Principles Discussion & Essay Questions

It is worth bearing in mind that in the 1940s, as well as paying for post war reconstruction, the UK set up the NHS and welfare state.

The economic power of the UK was exposed for what it had become. ( - UK economy in 1970s ).Plus, in economics essay on this short research reports. Stiglitz. School economics.

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The high government debt levels of the 1940s and 1950s were not a barrier to the post war boom years of the 1950s and 1960s which saw record levels of economic growth.The UK was also hampered by coming to terms with letting go its Empire and trying to join Europe.EU structural funds to help Eastern European economies develop will benefit the UK in the long term because as they become more affluent, they will be able to buy more UK exports.Poorer counties, such as Ireland, Portugal and Spain have made significant degrees of economic development since they joined the European Union.From an economic point of view this is beneficial because it leads to more tax revenue (people will pay income tax for longer) and more consumer spending.As a result of austerity measures in 2011, the OECD now forecast negative growth of -0.8% for the Eurozone in 2012.

A third section could bring the two elements together and examine how each impacts on the other.It is my belief that the 1981 recession was deeper than necessary.

Fiscal austerity will tend to hit the lowest paid the most because they will be most affected by stagnant wage growth.The difficulty is in having a negative nominal interest rates (banks would be paying you to borrow money).This will be a further drag on consumer spending and economic growth (See also: paradox of thrift ).However, this slowdown is only temporary and after inflation has been reduced and people expect lower inflation, the economy will be able to expand creating low unemployment and low inflation.Including a detail such as a number like that is a good way to show that you are well informed about the example.If we made jokes about Skodas and Ladas in the 1980s, British Leyland was the butt of many jokes during 60s and 70s.Challenging theory like this is tough, but there are a lot of marks for you if you can do it well.In a recession, bond yields tend to fall, therefore it becomes cheaper to borrow.

However, the boom cause a rise in inflation and a larger current account deficit.A good analytical essay such discuss evidence critically at all times.The problem with inflation, is that it devalues the value of bonds, people will sell bonds, leading to higher interest rates on bonds and higher debt interest payments.If GDP increases faster than national debt, then we need a smaller % of incomes to pay the debt interest payments.The relatively low interest rates and the high consumer confidence sparked a housing boom.

Essays in Economic & Business History

Pension spending does not increase productivity in the economy.

Economics 191 Topics in Economic Research

This could involve increasing the retirement age from 65 to 70.If the economy is stagnant, debt to GDP will continue to rise.In 1988, the chancellor Nigel Lawson reduced the basic rate of income tax from 29% to 25%.For the example question, you could start by having the first few paragraphs discuss the effect of rising house prices on the economy.The EU has set strict restrictions on emissions of pollutants, such as sulphur, and other causes of acid rain. ( BBC Link ).

From a Keynesian perspective, government borrowing can help to boost aggregate demand and offset the fall in Aggregate Demand.I would recommend the current IB students to read the resources in your web, in order to obtain more insights.This option gives you the immediate access to all 184 988 essays.In the 1960s, two applications to join the EEC were vetoed by the French.Draw the diagram which will best help you to answer the question.Countries with their own currency and Central Bank (e.g. UK and US) have the ability to purchase bonds and ensure liquidity.I am a senior in IB economics and thanks to you did very well in my IA.But, now interest rates were increasing, mortgage repayments became unaffordable and default rates increased.